Obviously this isnt an exhaustive and rigorous examination of printmaking techniques but just a little explanation as I understand it for anyone who isn't familiar.
For the jewellery I use etching and some engraving, together with embossing textures using a rolling mill.
If you want to find out more about printmaking, or courses available in the Yorkshire area, check out West Yorkshire Print Workshop I've done several courses and workshops there and always got a lot out of them. I've also blogged about my printmaking exploits.
Sometimes used in conjunction with etching, this is the scratching of a mark directly onto a plate. Usually copper or zinc are used as they last a long time, but you can also use acetate, perspex or special drypoint paper which is less expensive.
A sharp tool is used to scratch into the surface and bring up a 'burr' - a ridge of metal which holds the ink and makes a lovely soft line. This burr will wear down over time as the plate is reused. You can use all sorts of tools and different marks, cross-hatchings etc to make an image.
I think one of the most exciting and versatile printmaking techniques, more to the point you can use much cheaper materials and don't have to use any corrosive chemicals. The downside is that plates don't last as long as the metal plates used in other techniques.
Collagraph comes from the French word coller - 'to glue', as in collage. You start with a base plate, usually some mount board, and create your design by sticking things onto it, or by scratching into it or removing part of its surface - or a combination of all of these!
You can use a wide variety of materials - string, fabrics, found objects (eg leaves, small sticks) to create texture.
I love monoprinting!
Literally it means that you are only going to get one print, so they are one-offs. There are so many different ways of monoprinting and I won't go in to them all, but I tend to use brushmarks, scratches, and rolled on areas of ink to make patterns and marks, together with interesting shapes to mask out areas.
I also like to add in cut out etched plates and make marks around them, or use in conjunction with linocut plates and metal leaf and/or chine colle (pieces of paper glued and pressed in as the paper is run through the press).
Etching is a method of making prints from a metal plate, usually copper or zinc, which has been bitten with acid. The plate is first coated with an acid-resistant substance (etching ground or varnish) through which the design is drawn with a sharp tool (burin or other). The acid eats the plate through the exposed lines; the more time the plate is left in the acid, the coarser the lines. When the plate is inked and its surface rubbed clean, and it is covered with paper and passed under a cylindrical press, the ink captured in the lines is transferred to the paper.
I know I keep saying it, but the possibilities are endless!